Avoid any contact with the infected area. You are most infectious from just before sores begin developing to when the sores form a scab. Using condoms and dams reduces the risk of catching herpes, but it is important to remember that they only protect the area of the skin they cover. If there is an outbreak on the scrotum or vulva, condoms cannot stop the infection from being passed on.
Up to 80% of people with a herpes infection have never had any symptoms and are therefore unaware of the risk of passing it on. Some people are able to identify triggers which will bring on a recurrence of herpes. This may be menstruation, stress, depression and other infections such as thrush. It is therefore important to maintain a healthy lifestyle.